An American Inca

Portrait of Life Changes

Chimu Culture


The Chimu culture was developed in the same area where centuries before Mochica Culture existed, but this culture existed during the years of 900 to 1440 after Christ. Its heart was in the citadel of Chan-Chan in the department of La Libertad, and expanded to a vast territory, reaching as far as the department of Tumbes to the North and the valley of Huarmey to the South . To the east, its borders were defined by the mountain range, since this culture could not prevail in the mountains. The people of Chimu spoke different languages depending on their territory, but the prevailing one was "Muchic" language. It's political and social development had two stages:

First, it was a small group focused on the Moche Valley and surrounding areas, while in the second, it was an expansive kingdom. It is believed that the so-called "Kingdom of Chimor" had ten governors, but only the names of four of them are known; Tacainamo, Guacricur, Naucempinco, Minchancaman.

It is stated that by 1470, the Chimu culture was defeated by another culture in expansion, the Incas of Cusco. Besides taking Minchancaman, the Incas took to Cusco gold and silver to embellish the Temple of the Sun. They were famous for their metalwork and prestigious weaves. Moreover, they also developed a remarkable system hydraulic. The Citadel of Chan-Chan is a reflection of its high level of urban development.


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